外籍教师安全常识学习资料
作者:  国际交流处 来源:  点击次数:  0 发布时间: 2020-1-3 14:01:39
 外籍教师安全常识学习资料

Common Sense Applications for Fire, Safety and Security

 

消防安全知识

Common Sense for Fire Safety

 

一、消防事故自救的基本方法

Basic Methods of Self-help in Fire Accident

1、 火灾初起时,除立即报警积极扑救外应设法疏散物资,尤其是贵重物资和易燃易爆物品。但当火势猛烈确已无法抢救时,则不得再犹豫,应迅速离开火场。免遭围困和伤亡。

Anyone who discovers a fire should immediately report to the police the precise location of the fire. Then they should make plans for materials evacuation, especially valuable materials, inflammable and explosive goods.

If the fire is out of control or cannot be easily extinguished they should immediately leave the site to avoid getting trapped, wounded or killed.

2、 初起火一般很小,居住者不要只顾自行灭火,而要迅速报警。因为报警迟而酿成大火灾。

If the fire is small the inhabitants should not only extinguish the fire but also report to the police station to prevent the fire from getting worse.

3、 人员从起火房间撤离后,要立即关闭起火房间的门。

After evacuating from the room where the fire started the person should close the room doors where the fire started.

4、 在着火期间不要重返房间。

Do not return to the room during any period of the time where there is still a fire.

二、逃生的基本方法

Ways of escaping a burning building.

1、 逃离后要随手关门。

Shut the doors to the room when you leave.

2、 地面爬行,避免烟雾中的一氧化碳中毒。

If necessary, keep close to the ground when leaving to avoid the smoke’s carbon monoxide poisoning.

3、 利用防毒面具或湿毛巾捂住口和鼻。

Cover your nose and mouth with protective masks, canister respirators or wet towels.

4、 自制救生绳索,不到万不得已,切勿跳楼。

Self-made lifesaving rope should be available. “Never” jump from any burning building unless absolutely no other option is available.

5、 利用自然条件,作为救生滑道。

Make use of natural conditions for escaping. 

6、 不要乘坐电梯。

Never take the elevator if there is a fire in the same building.

7、 选择疏散楼梯。外教的公寓每栋至少有3个单元,下层失火可往天台或者其他单元口下楼逃生

For the evacuation,there are at least 3 units in each of foreign teachers building, one should climb to the rooftop and go downstairs from the other units if there is a fire disaster below their residence (in Foreign Teachers’ Flats, the doors of the rooftop are connected).

、灭火的基本方法

Basic Method of Extinguishing Fire

1、冷却法

Heat-cooling

就是将灭火剂直接喷洒在可燃物上,使可燃物的温度降低到自燃点以下,从而使燃烧停止。

Use the extinguisher to spray over combustible objects to lower the temperature below the “spontaneous ignition point” which is the point for when fires start.

2、窒息法

Smothering Method

阻止空气进入燃烧区,或用惰性气体稀释空中的氧含量,使燃烧物质缺乏或断绝氧气而熄灭。

This technique can be used to prevent air from coming into the combustion area. Without oxygen (from air) a fire cannot continue and will be extinguished.

3、隔离法

Isolating Methods

是将燃烧物与附近可燃物隔离或者疏散开,从而使燃烧停止。

Isolate the combustibles or evacuate the combustibles for putting out the fire.

4、抑制法

Repression

是将化学灭火剂喷入燃烧区参与燃烧反应,中止链反应而使燃烧反应停止。

Spray the chemicals from the extinguisher into the combustion area in order to stop the fire from growing.

四、消防知识口诀

Tips for fire safety

一懂:紧急情况下安全疏散

Safe evacuation in case of emergency

二知:知道灭火器的存放位置;知道火警电话号码119.

To know where the nearest fire extinguisher is and the fire emergency telephone is 119.

四会:会报火警;会使用灭火器;会扑救初起火灾;会排除一般故障

To dial emergency fire tel.: 119

To use the fire extinguisher correctly.

To put out a new fire for saving life or property.

To timely help with removing the general obstacles. 

、发生火灾时如何报火警

1、 直接拨打火警电话119报警

To directly dial fire alarm number: 119

2、 讲清发生火灾的单位或个人详细地址

To state the precise location and/or individual address where the fire started.

3、 讲清起火物

To describe accurately what caused the fire.

4、 讲清火势

To describe accurately the fire’s present situation.

5、 讲清报警人姓名及所用电话号码

To give the policeman your name and telephone number.  

6、 报警后要派专人到主要路口接应消防车

After reporting to the policeman you should appoint a person to find the fire engines on the main road.

、灭火器的使用方法

The ways of using Fire Extinguishers

当发生火灾时,手提灭火器到起火点,一手握住喷嘴,应当首先拔出位于压把根部的保险,之后一手托住灭火器底座,一手用力按下压把,使灭火器从罐内喷射出来扑灭火灾

When a fire occurs the person should carry the fire extinguisher to the fire location with one hand holding the nozzle. Firstly, you should pull the pin at the end of the handle, and then hold the bottom of the extinguisher with one hand and with the other hand pressing hard on the handle to eject the extinguishing chemicals from the fire extinguisher for suppressing the fire.

 

治安安全知识

Common Sense for Security and Safety

一、防盗常识

Protection against burglars

1、室内如何防盗?出门或晚上睡觉前关好门窗,反锁防盗门,家中不要放过多现金,贵重物品及衣物应远离窗口,防止从窗口勾钓盗窃。

How to protect against burglars indoor?

Close and lock all your doors before sleeping or going outside.

Don’t keep too much cash at home.

To prevent thefts, valuables and clothes should be put as far way as possible from the window.

2、机动车如何防盗?机动车尽量停放在有人看管的场所内,停放在犯罪分子难于接近或不便于作案的位置,夜间应将车停放在车库、单位大院内,车辆要装防盗锁或防盗报警器。

Protection against vehicle theft

Park the vehicle in the park area under guarding.

Install the burglar alarm.

3、到银行存取款时怎么办?取、存大额款项须有人陪同,有验证密码时,注意一米范围内人员。请不要把填写有误的单据随手扔掉,应带到别处撕碎。

When you go to the bank to deposit or withdraw a large amount of money, you should be accompanied with a capable man who is your trusted, good friend.

While inputting your bank account code you should pay attention to the people around to ensure that nobody else can see the code.

Dont randomly tear up and toss away any paper documents you receive at the bank.

二、防抢常识

Prevention against robbery

外出时怎么防抢?尽量走人行道,灯光昏暗的过街桥、道,应绕道而行。不幸遇上坏人,应及时拨打110报警,即使敌不过被抢,也应在心里记下对方体貌特征。

a. Always walk along the pavement/sidewalk if available.

b. Take a roundabout way when you meet at a bridge or any other path and/or location that have dim lighting.

c. If you encounter people with ill intentions, please immediately dial this police telephone number: 110.

d. Don’t try to fight or struggle with criminals as your personal safety is the highest priority but remember their physical and facial feature.

三、防骗常识

Common sense protection to avoid being scammed.

1、陌生人与你搭讪怎么办?如果有人要用外币与你兑换人民币,有人在你前面捡到东西要与你平分,有人说有高科技产品低价卖给你等,请您记住上天不会掉馅饼,报警是您的第一选择。

Please report to the police if you find yourself in any of the following situations:

a. Strangers want to chat with you and use foreign currency to exchange with your RMB.

b. Someone wants to share with you the money they pick up or something valuable in front of you.

c. Somebody who wants to sell advanced technology products for an extremely low price without any permission and/or approval certificates.

Please bear in mind that there is no such thing as a free lunch, so stay cautiously and to phone the police station is the first thing you should do.

2、手机收到陌生电话、短信怎么办?告诉您中奖了、打电话要为您办理汽车退税、信用卡透支、屡次听到铃声,一接电话又挂等等,请您千万别理睬,一理就中圈套。

Please refuse replying any requested information from any calls or messages as followed:

a. Informing you that you won the lottery.

b. Calling to help you get car tax rebate.

c. You overdrew your credit card.

d. Repeated calls that nobody answers when you are called.

 

 

 

 

 

国际交流处

Department of International Exchange & Cooperation 

 
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